Waste Offsets

About


In the movement to curb the effects of climate change, efforts to reduce waste (specifically, the production of wasted items) are every bit as important as efforts to curb the burning of fossil fuels. The production of wasted items requires the burning of massive amounts of carbon. The production of wasted items requires the use of clean water and raw materials. The production of wasted items results in disposal and an after-life either in a landfill or in our biosphere, which wreaks havoc on other species. Creating a certified waste offset will enable financing of waste-reducing projects that otherwise won't exist. Enabling financing via waste offsets will unleash the creative imagination of inventors and entrepreneurs to tackle waste reduction and to imagine schemes that will eliminate or avoid the need for production of single-use disposable items.

Get Involved!
Click Me

The Blog


Kamagra oral jelly online usa kamagra oral jelly mumbai

Richie Shoemaker, revealingly duphaston uk boots author of “Desperation Medicine” believes that the “Lymes organism” is involved with Morgellons. Además de ser muy suave, el aceite contiene ácidos grasos que son muy hidratantes para la piel? Debridement alone is not recommended for the treatment of HSV epithelial keratitis? However, buy sildigra super power stark for serious infections, your Doctor will likely prescribe an antibiotic. Además de este medicamento se puede elegir cualquier otro que le conviene más como Viagra Original en farmacias o comprar Levitra Original sin receta? After 8 months 14 out of 15 adolescents reported increased energy, improved sleep, increased motivation, and “return to normal functioning”. You must still make certain that this car is operating well?

Valtrex sólo deberá emplearse durante el embarazo si los beneficios potenciales del tratamiento superan el riesgo potencial! Antipsychotics – Several studies have shown that antipsychotics are effective in reducing aggressive and irritable behavior. Within each species, there is a vast array of different strains (genetic variations or subtypes)! We got the drug approved, kamagra oral jelly 100mg einnahme and I guess I got the entrepreneur’s dream come true. Unfortunately, kamagra oral jelly günstig bribery of top ranking officials in anti-doping organizations community appears nowadays to be a usual business. Even if you have taken acetaminophen without a problem, serious skin reactions can occur at any time.

Kamagra oral jelly nl


The Fair Sentencing Act was enacted in August 2010, kamagra oral jelly online usa reducing the disparity between more lenient sentences for powder cocaine charges and more severe sentences for crack cocaine charges, which are more frequently brought against minorities? Many people who take 5-HTP notice reduced anxiety. Use este fármaco para tratar alguna de las afecciones que se mencionan en esta sección solamente si su profesional de la salud así se lo indicaOtras clases de este medicamento se usan para mejorar la apariencia de la piel y minimizar las arrugas finas!
kamagra oral jelly gebrauchsanweisung
It is very important to take this medication exactly as prescribed by the doctor for the full duration of treatment, kamagra oral jelly cost even though you may feel better before the medication is finished!
kamagra oral jelly zel
To make sure the infection clears up completely, kamagra oral jelly online usa patients are told to take the medicine for as long as it has been prescribed!

Kamagra oral jelly acquisto in italia


12 equivalents of N-iodosuccinimide (NIS) was added to the reaction mixture and reacted for forty minutes. In certain embodiments, unscholarly imodium quanto costa R 7a is substituted or unsubstituted phenyl. Each year, kamagra oral jelly online usa about 25% of those with episodic migraine develop chronic migraine (Manack et al, 2011). It took about 2 full weeks to completely go away, BUT It is gone…And I am so Thankful?

Kamagra oral jelly 100mg anwendung


During long-term antibiotic administration, kamagra oral jelly online usa the risk for drug interaction with OCs is less clear, but alternative or additional contraception may be advisable in selected circumstances! Em pacientes com função renal normal, kamagra oral jelly pagamento contrassegno a meia-vida plasmática de eliminação do aciclovir após dosagens únicas ou múltiplas de valaciclovir é de aproximadamente 3 horas. In fact, there are so many different possibilities that sometimes even seasoned couponers get overwhelmedTo help to simplify things, here are common examples of ways to use coupons, BOGO coupons, and rewards programs. Une neutropénie /agranulocytose, une thrombocytopénie et une anémie ont été rapportées au cours du traitemen! Tuberculosis of the limb mono- or observes the definitive excision to cold water! Maar onderzoek heeft aangetoond dat van alle erectiemedicijnen die via internet worden aangeboden maar liefst 80 – 90% namaak is? Extensive side effects include severe allergic reactions, kamagra oral jelly apotheke bloody stools, severe and painful erection, unfamiliar agitation, panic attacks, and many others. Cure zovirax cream in usa locally is defined as the complete resolution of signs and symptoms of infection present at baseline, such that no additional antimicrobial therapy is required! Początkowo chciałem wyłączyć i zamknąć stronę, ale potem pomyślałem, że może mi się przydać.

  • kamagra oral jelly nebenwirkung
  • kamagra oral jelly online india

I have not tried this yet but will start once we get back home to Canada! In general, it’s a good idea to keep your hands away from your mouth! It procardia xl 30 mg cost scoffingly gives some idea about the standards and mentality of coaching staff in Russia? In the Veterans Affairs Nephropathy in Diabetes (VA NEPHRON-D) trial, kamagra oral jelly online usa no additional benefit over monotherapy was seen in patients receiving the combination of losartan and lisinopril compared to monotherapy; however, there was an increased incidence of hyperkalemia and acute renal injury? Sarebbe pericoloso e inutile cercare di procurarsi uno squilibrio ormonale per migliorare la propria erezione; oltretutto, il ruolo del testosterone non è essenziale nell’erezione e non può nulla verso blocchi psicologici o fisiologici. Die Verwendung ist sehr wichtig, weil Viagra 100mg ein Medikament ist und hat auch verschiedene Indikationen und Gegenanzeigen. Utilizing clinically proven ingredients, Neuro-HD helps you get the most effective and safest brain pill formula on the market. HerSolution offers a money back guarantee for an enormous six months period with only one condition that you must have tried the product for 90 days! 18 If treatment failure is evident after amoxicillin has been given for three days, kamagra oral jelly online usa use of an alternative drug should be considered to provide more effective coverage of resistant organisms. The next day I awoke and had a sensation that my mouth was not fully moving. Meldonium has generally been used by athletes in various sports for its mild stimulant-like properties? Extremes of emotion and public outbursts, even including laughter, were unacceptable, as was anything pretentious or flamboyant. Also stated that she had heard very little about the case; that she had first heard about the case approximately one year earlier; that her husband thought the appellant was guilty and encouraged her to get off of the case; that she would not let her husband's opinions influence her opinion about the case; that she would not think about her husband's or his family's opinions if she sat on the jury; that she would say the appellant was innocent if she thought he was innocent; that she had not formed an opinion about whether the appellant was guilty; and that she could be fair to both sides? NN-Dimethylpropyne (308 mg, 372 mmol) and triethylamine (1 mL) are added to the suspension! Concurrent use may increase the risk of acute myopathy. 1 , diclofenac gel buy online jurally 3 , 24 Reevaluation is necessary in children who continue to have unresolved symptoms or fever at 48 hours after diagnosis. Toute la journée j’ai lutté contre ces deux "personnalités" que j’avais en moi? Vous devez donner le comprimé à dissoudre dans la bouche avant de l’avaler! Indeed, kamagra oral jelly reviews I already have made a recommendation to one of my work colleagues? Some people may have a particularly high risk of having suicidal thoughts or actions! ≥18yrs: Acute sinusitis, typhoid fever: 500mg every 12hrs for 10 days? Jusque-là, kamagra oral jelly testpackung je pensais que c’est un médicament pour les hommes plus âgés, mais la situation était une impasse, et je ne savais pas quoi faire! (Optionally, kamagra oral jelly online usa minimal promoter sequences are included in the second and fourth nucleic acids)? Em homens, categorically cernos gel price india a média da concentração plasmática máxima de sildenafila livre, após a administração de uma dose única oral de 100 mg, é de aproximadamente 18 ng/mL ou 38 nM. T26E1 prolately hydrea capsules price in pakistan from Sterling Motor Truck Corp, Milwaukee, WI, during WWII. If you break a Neurontin tablet and take only half of it, kamagra oral jelly cambodia take the other half at your next dose. Since using the Retin A my face has been clear for a couple of months now! Your physician may advise, especially if your skin is sensitive, that you start your therapy by applying RETIN-A every other night. Sachez que, kamagra oral jelly legal kaufen au lieu d'utiliser le Misoprostol seul, il est beaucoup plus efficace ( 99%) de faire un avortement médical avec la Mifepristone et le Misoprostol . Nepageidaujamas meldonio poveikis pastebėtas 3 pacientams (2 odos alerginių reakcijų atvejai ir 1 vidutinės eozinofilijos atvejis) iš 45 - tai sudaro 6, kamagra oral jelly online usa6%! Insuficiência renal: para o tratamento e a prevenção de infecções causadas pelo vírus Herpes simplex em pacientes com mau funcionamento dos rins, as doses orais recomendadas não conduzirão a um acúmulo de aciclovir acima dos níveis que foram estabelecidos como sendo seguros por infusão intravenosa? Ine or tetracycline analog sufficient to repress expression of the putative essential gene is a sub-inhibitory concentration? Les réactions les plus fréquemment rapportées sont les suivantes : sensations vertigineuses, troubles sensoriels (incluant paresthésies et sensations de choc électrique), troubles du sommeil (incluant insomnie et rêves intenses), agitation ou anxiété, nausées et/ou vomissements, tremblements, confusion, hypersudation, céphalées, diarrhée, palpitations, instabilité émotionnelle, irritabilité et troubles visuels. Long-term follow-up of thoracoscopic talc pleurodesis for primary spontaneous pneumothorax? They purulently l-tryptophan uk holland and barrett are increasingly turning back to Apple as the only force that can ensure their future freedom.

How will we measure one unit of “waste”?

The measurement of waste will be more nuanced than the measurement of carbon.  While carbon is carbon is carbon, not all waste is created equally.

This is because waste comes in a huge variety of different forms.  Plastic waste, paper waste, food waste, landscaping waste, electronic waste, and on and on.

Let’s just start by comparing paper and plastic bags. It takes less energy and water to produce a plastic bag than it does to produce a paper bag. And it takes less energy to transport plastic bags because they are lighter. And yet, paper is readily recyclable and biodegradable, while plastic is full of toxins, isn’t always recycled, takes hundreds of years to decompose, and has been altering our ecosystem in frightening ways.

And so we can’t simply measure waste by asking “how much is there”?  Because avoiding the creation of one pound of paper is not the same, environmentally, as eliminating the creation of one pound of plastic.  For an offsetting scheme to be meaningful and effective, several factors will have to be considered on a sliding scale.  These factors should include, among others:

  1. Mass and Volume
  2. Energy required to create the wasted item
  3. Water required to create the wasted item
  4. Other raw materials required to create the wasted item (with consideration to the energy or water required to extract those raw materials)
  5. Toxicity of the wasted item
  6. Danger to the environment posted by the after-life of the wasted item

Scientists and physicists with a deeper understanding of these dynamics can put together a system for measuring various types of waste by considering all these factors.

We operate as if convenience is more important than preservation, conservation, and the safeguarding of our limited resources.  Where I come from, convenience is a perfectly accepted excuse for creating garbage – even though garbage is a toxic and costly externality that has to be shared and dealt with by everyone.

You’re too lazy to do the dishes?  No big deal, just use plastic alternatives and throw it all out at the end of the night.  None of it will decompose for five hundred years, but that’s not your problem.

Going shopping?  Don’t waste your time and energy bringing a bag!  The store will give you all the bags you need and you can toss them out when you get home.

You spilled water on the floor?  Go grab a huge handful of paper towels to mop it up.  (But wait – since when is water dirty?  Oh well.) Forget the concept of a cloth rag, we wouldn’t want you to deal with the burden of putting it in the laundry.  –

When did we buy into the idea that we don’t have to do our dishes?  That we can throw out as many plastic bags as we want? That we don’t have to wash towels?

It’s a lie.  And we’re all paying for it.

Creating those disposable dishes and bags and paper towels required energy and water and other raw materials and chemicals.  All of which are sent straight to the landfill after a useful life measured in less than an hour’s time.

We humans all have to share this one earth, yet we are taught that it’s perfectly acceptable to act as if there is unlimited space for our waste.

This is a very bad habit.  But bad habits don’t have to be permanent.  We can change.  But change requires new ideas that are unproven and don’t yet have market share.

Waste Offsets  can finance good ideas that will break the bad habit of disposable everything.  Many of these ideas will likely need to be subsidized at first because people will have to catch on and adapt and get used to that new way of doing things.

Waste offsets can finance convenient solutions so that “disposable everything” isn’t the only easy way to go.

Once upon a time I had a relatively outlandish and mostly unrealistic business idea.

My idea evolved out of my long-term frustration with the massive amount of waste created by people in New York City who order food delivery.

First of all, a staggering amount of New Yorkers order delivery.  The busiest among us buy three meals a day, never cooking on their own.  Food delivery comes in plastic containers with plastic forks and knives and spoons, sets of which are usually individually wrapped in plastic, all of which is tucked into a paper bag and carried to customers in at least one or two plastic bags. And all of this waste piles up per person, per meal, sometimes three meals a day multiplied by millions of people who live in New York City.

The amount of garbage is staggering.  New York City spends $2.3 BILLION annually on garbage collection and disposal.  Our trash is sent out of state, by truck and by rail, as far away as Virginia and South Carolina, all at tremendous expense to taxpayers.

But no matter how far away we send our waste, the consequences of our wasteful behaviors are inescapable on this Planet Earth.  And we keep creating more and more trash each day because consumers don’t have any better options.  Anyone in New York City ordering takeout is going to receive a landfill-bound pile of plastic because that’s what the system offers…

I envisioned something better.  An innovative city-wide sponsored initiative, like Citi Bikes… I envisioned a re-usable system where customers would be given sleek, attractive and functional stainless steel containers with stainless steel forks, knives and spoons and canvas bags and fabric linens…  All items would be tagged and tracked for accountability.  The customers would receive their food in these reusable containers, and once they finished eating they would drop them off at receptacles located in all residential and commercial buildings…  A system of trucks would collect used items where they would be washed and sanitized outside the city and then brought back to associated restaurants. Consumers would get rewarded with loyalty points for participating.

But alas, no matter how much I tweaked the math, the price per unit was far too high to compete with cheap plastic disposables.  I couldn’t get the costs down enough to make the numbers work…

In my pursuit of cost savings I kept wishing that I could finance this project with carbon offsets to inject enough extra cash into the scheme to maybe get it off the ground.  But that option wasn’t really available to me because my project didn’t reduce carbon emissions.  My idea would put more trucks on the road and require more energy to clean the containers.  Carbon wasn’t the thing being eliminated by my plan.  But there was still an environmental benefit: a reduction in waste, not a reduction in carbon.

So I asked: Why not finance this project with waste offsets?

The reason I couldn’t do that is because waste offsets don’t exist…

The Case For Waste Offsets…

My plan was probably too far-fetched to work even with subsidies.  But there are other potential projects brewing in the minds of would-be start-ups that are far more cost effective that have the potential to save mountains of waste – projects that can’t get off the ground from the get-go because they’re just slightly too expensive.  But with financial incentives that bring smart and useful ideas to life, we can start to turn the tide on our wasteful habits.

In the 1980’s there was virtually no energy being generated from the sun or the wind or the tides.  Now solar panels and wind farms and tidal energy turbines abound and a growing percentage of our energy needs are being met by these renewable sources.  The carbon market was a crutch that helped get those technologies off the ground in a time when renewable energy couldn’t compete with cheap oil.  The same can happen with waste reduction if we build the models.

In my effort to bring waste offsets into reality I have talked to chief economists at some of the world’s leading environmental agencies, I have met with law school professors and college design professors, I have met with politicians and with current and former UN delegates and I have met with countless entrepreneurs and venture capitalists.

To personalize this journey and garner support, I have decided that going forward I am going to blog about the process of pushing this initiative, recording the steps I take and the people I meet along the way and the advice I receive and the support I gather.

This is the story of waste offsets…

Join us!


We need supporters and strategic partners.

Yay! Message sent.

Error! Please validate your fields.