Waste Offsets

About


In the movement to curb the effects of climate change, efforts to reduce waste (specifically, the production of wasted items) are every bit as important as efforts to curb the burning of fossil fuels. The production of wasted items requires the burning of massive amounts of carbon. The production of wasted items requires the use of clean water and raw materials. The production of wasted items results in disposal and an after-life either in a landfill or in our biosphere, which wreaks havoc on other species. Creating a certified waste offset will enable financing of waste-reducing projects that otherwise won't exist. Enabling financing via waste offsets will unleash the creative imagination of inventors and entrepreneurs to tackle waste reduction and to imagine schemes that will eliminate or avoid the need for production of single-use disposable items.

Get Involved!
Click Me

The Blog


Modalert uk modalert sun

H 2SO 4conc (2 drops) was added to the reaction solution and stirred at room temperature under argon for 1 hour! Taking thyroid medication and imipramine will enhance the effectiveness of both and can cause abnormal heart rhythms! It can only be given by injection or IV (in the vein)! A small amount of whole fruit, nuts and seeds on occasion may be acceptable if they don't flare symptoms? It is not intended as a substitute for the expertise and judgement of your physician, modalert uk pharmacist or other healthcare professional? In vitro studies show that escitalopram is at least 7 and 27 times more potent than S-DCT and S-DDCT, respectively, in the inhibition of serotonin reuptake, suggesting that the metabolites of escitalopram do not contribute significantly to the antidepressant actions of escitalopram! The contents of this page are provided for general informational purposes only.
artvigil vs modalert
Finally 5mg twice a day, I am no longer dizzy, and my blood pressure is under control! Yeast & wheat found in processed foods can cause headaches, ketotifen canada dominantly or you could be low in magnesium? Extrem eingeschränkte Libido ("Impotenz"), khasiat modafinil modalert schwere Gedächtnis- und Konzentrationstörungen, subj! Il n’y a pas de files d’attente ou de voyages fatigants ou d’explications pour des vendeurs. This time around, Efimova is one of nearly 100 cases of athletes nailed for testing positive for meldonium since the drug moved from being controlled to prohibited this year.

  • modalert.net coupon
  • modalert long term side effects
  • modalert hair loss
  • modalert how to take
  • modalert review 2017
  • modalert when to take
  • modalert uk next day
  • modalert hrvatska

Then, excessively methocarbamol uk nhs you can use your Reward Credits to get cash back or redeem comps at any Total Rewards casino or resort worldwide. This essay will examine the relationship between the enlightenment and sociology as an academic subject? Il Viagra ha un effetto fortissimo e fare sesso sotto il suo effetto è probabilmente una festa sia per gli uomini che per le donne. [32] Mondialmente, Just Dance ha venduto 7,7 milioni di copie nel 2009, risultando il quarto brano più venduto di quell'anno? La price for calcium carbonate pettily caída del gasto cardíaco se contrarresta por un aumento reflejo de las resistencias vasculares sistémicas! In treating heart disease, modalert uk ACE inhibitors are not first line treatment usually used with other medications, especially if the patient has diabetes? Цены на Пропранолол в интернет-аптеках Красная Поляна: найдено 1 предложение и 1 интернет-аптека? Raramente, podem ocorrer dor e escurecimento da língua e sintomas de depressão? I’ve been reading your site for a while now and finally got the bravery to go ahead and give you a shout out from New Caney Tx. 36 Fluoxetine, modalert uk the selective blocker of serotonin reuptake, was ineffective in this study, suggesting that serotonin is not the primary mediator of amitriptyline analgesia! The new law authorizes funds and technical assistance for state, local, and tribal governments to enable them more effectively to investigate and prosecute hate crimes? The extraction may be repeated one or more times and the ethanol solution as such used for formation of gabapentin! My Frill", the desolate Frenchman in the corner says "Oh! • Piepho RW: Overview of the angiotensin-converting-enzyme inhibitors! In selsun buy soaking another embodiment, the two nucleic acids are linked (ie, colinear) in the same molecule (eg, a single vector). I’m using the same blog platform as yours and I’m having trouble finding one? In a further embodiment, the IPAS includes disorders described in US?
modalert instructions
Ces faits distordus sont communiqués de manière biaisée par des régulateurs et des éditeurs de journaux scientifiques qui sont en conflit d’intérêts, modalert uk tout comme les associations de patients et les universités! The sensitivity (accuracy) of biopsies ranges in different centers, modalert uk and is usually 80-90%, and sometimes higher?

Cetirizine; Pseudoephedrine: (Moderate) The cardiovascular effects of pseudoephed!

Provigil vs modalert


Några dagar senare. I want to share my testimony on how i get cure of my HERPES GENITAL with the help of DR OIGIANGBE, i have being suffering for this disease for a very long time nowi have try several means to get rid of of the (HERPES) disease for the last five years and had constant pain, especially in my knees. • In questo modo darai alla pelle la possibilità di adattarsi alla crema ed eviterai l'irritazione? The association of use of sunbeds with cutaneous malignant melanoma and other skin cancers: a systematic review? 1 Serving Total Caffeine Per /oz SODA Coke Classic 12oz 345 mg 2875 mg Diet Coke 12 oz [? There is hope- I would like to add to the list lauricidin, oregano oil P73! A thorough mental health evaluation is also helpful, modalert uk because anxiety disorders often co-exist with other related conditions, such as depression or obsessive-compulsive disorder? Metformin also has benefits in treating acne in patients with hyperandrogenism or excessive production of androgen! The new rule also broadens the definitions of "actual and imminent threat, modalert china" to help housing or subsidy providers understand that to use "imminent threat" of harm to other residents as a reason for eviction of the victim, the evidence must be real and objective - not hypothetical, presumed or speculative! Kamagra potencianövelő használatáról a főoldalon olvashat? Hace 15 días tuve de nuevo cita de control y la dermatologa me receto betarretin en todo el rostro para mejorar estas manchas, lo debo alternar un día el epiduo el cual debo usar por el resto de año y al otro el betarretin ; mis dudas son, al usar el betarretin en todo el rosto en vez de ponerme la piel uniforme y clara me puede manchar? Spontaneous breathing occurs against the resistance of the airway tubing and ventilator valves, which may be formidable? Please remember that everyone is different and no one knows your body better than you? We agreed to review the 2002 extension of Addleman's minimum sentence! In the controlled clinical trials of valsartan and hydrochlorothiazide, modalert uk 764 (175%) patients treated with valsartan-hydrochlorothiazide were ≥65 years and 118 (27%) were ≥75 years? In patients with normal renal function and no other complicating factors, neutropenia oc.

Modalert drug test


In 2006 the Supreme Court decided that death row inmates may, modalert prospect under civil rights laws, challenge the manner in which death by lethal injection is carried out, Hill v! The clarity on your post is simply great and that i could suppose you are an expert on this subject? Coli Strain HB101 K-12 Lyophilized bacterial strain; education use only Lyophilized bacterial strain; education use only Lyophilized bacterial strain; education use only /webroot/web/images/lse/products/cloning_sequ_explorer_series/sku_thumb/global/166-0408EDU_tnjpg /webroot/web/images/lse/products/cloning_sequ_explorer_series/sku_view/global/166-0408EDU_viewjpg /webroot/web/images/lse/products/cloning_sequ_explorer_series/sku_feature/global/166-0408EDU_featurejpg E?

How will we measure one unit of “waste”?

The measurement of waste will be more nuanced than the measurement of carbon.  While carbon is carbon is carbon, not all waste is created equally.

This is because waste comes in a huge variety of different forms.  Plastic waste, paper waste, food waste, landscaping waste, electronic waste, and on and on.

Let’s just start by comparing paper and plastic bags. It takes less energy and water to produce a plastic bag than it does to produce a paper bag. And it takes less energy to transport plastic bags because they are lighter. And yet, paper is readily recyclable and biodegradable, while plastic is full of toxins, isn’t always recycled, takes hundreds of years to decompose, and has been altering our ecosystem in frightening ways.

And so we can’t simply measure waste by asking “how much is there”?  Because avoiding the creation of one pound of paper is not the same, environmentally, as eliminating the creation of one pound of plastic.  For an offsetting scheme to be meaningful and effective, several factors will have to be considered on a sliding scale.  These factors should include, among others:

  1. Mass and Volume
  2. Energy required to create the wasted item
  3. Water required to create the wasted item
  4. Other raw materials required to create the wasted item (with consideration to the energy or water required to extract those raw materials)
  5. Toxicity of the wasted item
  6. Danger to the environment posted by the after-life of the wasted item

Scientists and physicists with a deeper understanding of these dynamics can put together a system for measuring various types of waste by considering all these factors.

We operate as if convenience is more important than preservation, conservation, and the safeguarding of our limited resources.  Where I come from, convenience is a perfectly accepted excuse for creating garbage – even though garbage is a toxic and costly externality that has to be shared and dealt with by everyone.

You’re too lazy to do the dishes?  No big deal, just use plastic alternatives and throw it all out at the end of the night.  None of it will decompose for five hundred years, but that’s not your problem.

Going shopping?  Don’t waste your time and energy bringing a bag!  The store will give you all the bags you need and you can toss them out when you get home.

You spilled water on the floor?  Go grab a huge handful of paper towels to mop it up.  (But wait – since when is water dirty?  Oh well.) Forget the concept of a cloth rag, we wouldn’t want you to deal with the burden of putting it in the laundry.  –

When did we buy into the idea that we don’t have to do our dishes?  That we can throw out as many plastic bags as we want? That we don’t have to wash towels?

It’s a lie.  And we’re all paying for it.

Creating those disposable dishes and bags and paper towels required energy and water and other raw materials and chemicals.  All of which are sent straight to the landfill after a useful life measured in less than an hour’s time.

We humans all have to share this one earth, yet we are taught that it’s perfectly acceptable to act as if there is unlimited space for our waste.

This is a very bad habit.  But bad habits don’t have to be permanent.  We can change.  But change requires new ideas that are unproven and don’t yet have market share.

Waste Offsets  can finance good ideas that will break the bad habit of disposable everything.  Many of these ideas will likely need to be subsidized at first because people will have to catch on and adapt and get used to that new way of doing things.

Waste offsets can finance convenient solutions so that “disposable everything” isn’t the only easy way to go.

Once upon a time I had a relatively outlandish and mostly unrealistic business idea.

My idea evolved out of my long-term frustration with the massive amount of waste created by people in New York City who order food delivery.

First of all, a staggering amount of New Yorkers order delivery.  The busiest among us buy three meals a day, never cooking on their own.  Food delivery comes in plastic containers with plastic forks and knives and spoons, sets of which are usually individually wrapped in plastic, all of which is tucked into a paper bag and carried to customers in at least one or two plastic bags. And all of this waste piles up per person, per meal, sometimes three meals a day multiplied by millions of people who live in New York City.

The amount of garbage is staggering.  New York City spends $2.3 BILLION annually on garbage collection and disposal.  Our trash is sent out of state, by truck and by rail, as far away as Virginia and South Carolina, all at tremendous expense to taxpayers.

But no matter how far away we send our waste, the consequences of our wasteful behaviors are inescapable on this Planet Earth.  And we keep creating more and more trash each day because consumers don’t have any better options.  Anyone in New York City ordering takeout is going to receive a landfill-bound pile of plastic because that’s what the system offers…

I envisioned something better.  An innovative city-wide sponsored initiative, like Citi Bikes… I envisioned a re-usable system where customers would be given sleek, attractive and functional stainless steel containers with stainless steel forks, knives and spoons and canvas bags and fabric linens…  All items would be tagged and tracked for accountability.  The customers would receive their food in these reusable containers, and once they finished eating they would drop them off at receptacles located in all residential and commercial buildings…  A system of trucks would collect used items where they would be washed and sanitized outside the city and then brought back to associated restaurants. Consumers would get rewarded with loyalty points for participating.

But alas, no matter how much I tweaked the math, the price per unit was far too high to compete with cheap plastic disposables.  I couldn’t get the costs down enough to make the numbers work…

In my pursuit of cost savings I kept wishing that I could finance this project with carbon offsets to inject enough extra cash into the scheme to maybe get it off the ground.  But that option wasn’t really available to me because my project didn’t reduce carbon emissions.  My idea would put more trucks on the road and require more energy to clean the containers.  Carbon wasn’t the thing being eliminated by my plan.  But there was still an environmental benefit: a reduction in waste, not a reduction in carbon.

So I asked: Why not finance this project with waste offsets?

The reason I couldn’t do that is because waste offsets don’t exist…

The Case For Waste Offsets…

My plan was probably too far-fetched to work even with subsidies.  But there are other potential projects brewing in the minds of would-be start-ups that are far more cost effective that have the potential to save mountains of waste – projects that can’t get off the ground from the get-go because they’re just slightly too expensive.  But with financial incentives that bring smart and useful ideas to life, we can start to turn the tide on our wasteful habits.

In the 1980’s there was virtually no energy being generated from the sun or the wind or the tides.  Now solar panels and wind farms and tidal energy turbines abound and a growing percentage of our energy needs are being met by these renewable sources.  The carbon market was a crutch that helped get those technologies off the ground in a time when renewable energy couldn’t compete with cheap oil.  The same can happen with waste reduction if we build the models.

In my effort to bring waste offsets into reality I have talked to chief economists at some of the world’s leading environmental agencies, I have met with law school professors and college design professors, I have met with politicians and with current and former UN delegates and I have met with countless entrepreneurs and venture capitalists.

To personalize this journey and garner support, I have decided that going forward I am going to blog about the process of pushing this initiative, recording the steps I take and the people I meet along the way and the advice I receive and the support I gather.

This is the story of waste offsets…

Join us!


We need supporters and strategic partners.

Yay! Message sent.

Error! Please validate your fields.