Shot roulette casino drinking game - 99 Ceme : Wasteoffsets
 

Waste Offsets

About


In the movement to curb the effects of climate change, efforts to reduce waste (specifically, the production of wasted items) are every bit as important as efforts to curb the burning of fossil fuels. The production of wasted items requires the burning of massive amounts of carbon. The production of wasted items requires the use of clean water and raw materials. The production of wasted items results in disposal and an after-life either in a landfill or in our biosphere, which wreaks havoc on other species. Creating a certified waste offset will enable financing of waste-reducing projects that otherwise won't exist. Enabling financing via waste offsets will unleash the creative imagination of inventors and entrepreneurs to tackle waste reduction and to imagine schemes that will eliminate or avoid the need for production of single-use disposable items.

Shot roulette casino drinking game - 99 Ceme

I loved going to visit and hearing all her stories, she always made me laugh. Retail sales data that will add online roulette free demo fuel to the debate over the u. But now, about one-third of guests no registration casino are wearing masks. From there he removed to arkansas city, kansas, in, in order to secure better educational facilities for his casper atlantic city children. Be consoled by the fact that bob led a life of interests fulfilled and dreams achieved. Love is meant to be free that way. The condition associated with the person seeking medical bitstarz online casino care is the key factor in your choice of a long-term care facility! Consumers at 7spins 99 ceme casino may play in united states dollar, australian dollar, canadian dollar, euro, british pound sterling and also south african rand. It s very interesting that nearly all classic big rock bands are british the beatles the rolling stones the who queen dire straits status quo pink floyd?

  • Royal spinz casino
  • Extra chilli slot
  • Dreams casino signup bonus 2019
  • Acepokies free spins
  • Cafe $10 casino
  • Runitonce twitch
  • Titanic slot

Platinum reels no deposit bonus 2020

Late last week the associated press reported on some of the insinuations leaching from a house subcommittee brian christopher las vegas investigation of the accusations against mrs. The investment bonus 777 which has actually flowed into india is much smaller. The reason why this base is so good is because it spread apart the loot so well. Since this drug could cause certain side effects, it must be used under medical supervision only. Andie disapproved of the popular online poker sites idea, making up unnecessary weigh-ins. Finally someone writes about buffalo slots mobile android games 99 ceme free download. Even on a night when leo vegas online casino the longhorns played well and were plus-3 in the turnover category, they were hanging on for dear life at the end. Indian girl online sex chat and virtual sex with lover pokies magic on video chat. If there is a manufacturers defect with your item you must casino leo vegas online send it back to the original manufacturer.

In this modern age, you can use your phone as a wifi hotspot to connect to the internet as long as your phone is charged. Be careful before 777 casino bonus ohne einzahlung selecting among the electricity and flexibility offer two that is even better for businessweek? I opened playamo free bonus codes an account with wh! A rogue would rather make one precise strike, placing it exactly where the attack will pokerstars account frozen 2020 hurt the target most, than wear an opponent down with 99 ceme a barrage of attacks. Deutsche bank ag acted as sole administrative agent and as betway casino no deposit bonus sole collateral agent for the first lien facilities and barclays acted as sole administrative agent and as sole collateral agent for the second lien facility. The reason for this is that humans vastly outnumber vampires and would kill them all off if they actually found out that they do in fact exist. These entertainment games were not really sensible when the actual concept was being tried out. Later commercial service once again ss kiowa the no deposit australian casinos ship resumed commercial service. The problem live dealer roulette i'm running in to is a lack of experience.

Where do monopoly pokies you draw the line. In ruby slots no deposit bonus 2020 1996, he transferred to rcbhs and coached cross country, track and field and basketball? So this slotscalendar free 5 welcome will be an all-ages show. Take, for instance, the strange case of jan lubieniecki, a diminutive pole who found a place in the field as first alternate after curtis strange withdrew and delivered a performance that made you wonder if the late maurice flitcroft, the novomatic slots free games infamous open championship fraudster, had somehow been reincarnated as a 51-year-old from krakow. Said wednesday that the film's video debut has not been set. Table games have a beginning rtp fastbet casino review at 92. The rest of yall will 99 ceme be paying at the door? 29ww830 s 888 poker promo codes 25 100 102 175 -. She will cook delicious daily meals so a person eat fast food every day.

Poker deposit

The class b shares are convertible into class european roulette gold series a shares on a share-for-share basis. Our thoughts and prayers are with you at this difficult time? When that moment came, what would chicago poker be the first steps that you'd take and why. Behind its vivid imagery and bright colours, the slot is set on a basic 5 x billionaire casino 3 grid. Enjoyed spin game real cash examining this, really excellent stuff, thanks. The licensee has evaluated the potential rainbow riches pick and mix slot impacts that could result from the proposed use of mox ltas on the type or amount of gaseous radioactive effluents that could be released from the catawba facility. The websites that are concerned with this fair trade have heteromorphic ways in relation to percentage insomuch as getting the coins. By contrast the basic sciences consisted mainly of roulette slot lectures with little opportunity for hands on laboratory experience! Our 99 ceme blackjack simulators almost completely casino betting convey the atmosphere and conditions of playing in a casino for real money.

Aztec pragmatic

Well i am adding this rss to my email and can look out for much more of your respective bovada twitter intriguing content. Tortoise rock casino is a large gaming resort on the edges of joshua tree national park. Under the guise of dada it started in europe as a way to display their anti art rhetoric as well as to communicate to the public their disgust for bourgeois values and their disapproval of world war i. Partners may need to obtain the amount of their proportionate interest of aggregate gross receipts, less returns and allowances, from the partnership. Because of this, travelers from the united brian christopher slots live states do not require a key to arrive, a united states driving license is rather sufficient here. Patrick ist der chefredakteur bei bonusfinder deutschland. I'm relatively sure i will learn many new stuff right lion king slot right here. In suggestion i casino online las vegas would like to place in writing such as this 99 ceme in addition. There is no obvious back-up date in the calendar.

Best slots on sky vegas

The manufacturer of zemaira expressed concern that the proposed payment rate does not meet the actual hospital acquisition cost for this brand name, which is the newest of the three brand names to come on the market to slotland free spins no deposit be used in alpha-1 therapy. It felt welcoming, something from my pokerstars online with friends own small-town childhood summers. The diocese of mardin was in a state of anarchy so the patriarch sent father ignatius maloyan to restore order! This article needs a few citations saying when this guy played in a rugby league game and what else he has done or we will never 99 ceme have more than a stub anyone that we can t write more than a stub on can t be notable. Reading through your blog post is a real great experience. Here you 20 free no deposit slots will find some sites that we assume you! Encryption systems guarantee bingo roulette online the safety of your password, free slots online win real money you will be asked for a promo code. You already know thus considerably when it comes to this matter, produced me for my part consider it from so many numerous angles! Tusd, other pima county public free no deposit bonus codes planet 7 casino school districts cancel high school football seasons.

Get Involved!
Click Me

The Blog


I first learned the word “externalities in my first year of law school, but the concept is well known to everyone.  If you’re doing something that has an unintended effect on others who are not involved in what you’re doing – that’s an externality.

Externalities can be positive or negative.  For example, in order for bees to produce honey they pollinate nearby plants, which is a positive externality benefiting farmers and all living creatures that rely on those plants to survive.  On the other hand, a classic example of a negative externality occurs when a factory produces goods for their own profit while emitting pollution that contaminates surrounding air and water.

Another example of a negative externality is packaging.  When companies sell packaged goods to consumers, consumers (and the municipalities where those consumers live) are left with the responsibility of disposing of the waste.   But if a manufacturing company benefits from the sale of goods, they, and not the consumers, should be held responsible for the externality they created in order to make their profit.  Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is a strategy that keeps manufacturers on the hook for the end-life of what they sell.  If companies are the ones responsible for clean up, they have a real incentive to deliver goods sustainably.

In New York State, for example, manufacturers of electronic equipment are required to accept (take back) their own devices free of charge.  (http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/66872.html)  Europe has an even more robust system of Extended Producer Responsibility, which accounts for their far higher rates of recycling.

Extended Producer Responsibility is a tremendously important solution that should be creatively implemented all across the United States.  Doing so will encourage companies to design packaging that has a benign or productive end-life and will help reduce the amount of waste accumulating in landfills.

How will we measure one unit of “waste”?

The measurement of waste will be more nuanced than the measurement of carbon.  While carbon is carbon is carbon, not all waste is created equally.

This is because waste comes in a huge variety of different forms.  Plastic waste, paper waste, food waste, landscaping waste, electronic waste, and on and on.

Let’s just start by comparing paper and plastic bags. It takes less energy and water to produce a plastic bag than it does to produce a paper bag. And it takes less energy to transport plastic bags because they are lighter. And yet, paper is readily recyclable and biodegradable, while plastic is full of toxins, isn’t always recycled, takes hundreds of years to decompose, and has been altering our ecosystem in frightening ways.

And so we can’t simply measure waste by asking “how much is there”?  Because avoiding the creation of one pound of paper is not the same, environmentally, as eliminating the creation of one pound of plastic.  For an offsetting scheme to be meaningful and effective, several factors will have to be considered on a sliding scale.  These factors should include, among others:

  1. Mass and Volume
  2. Energy required to create the wasted item
  3. Water required to create the wasted item
  4. Other raw materials required to create the wasted item (with consideration to the energy or water required to extract those raw materials)
  5. Toxicity of the wasted item
  6. Danger to the environment posted by the after-life of the wasted item

Scientists and physicists with a deeper understanding of these dynamics can put together a system for measuring various types of waste by considering all these factors.

We operate as if convenience is more important than preservation, conservation, and the safeguarding of our limited resources.  Where I come from, convenience is a perfectly accepted excuse for creating garbage – even though garbage is a toxic and costly externality that has to be shared and dealt with by everyone.

You’re too lazy to do the dishes?  No big deal, just use plastic alternatives and throw it all out at the end of the night.  None of it will decompose for five hundred years, but that’s not your problem.

Going shopping?  Don’t waste your time and energy bringing a bag!  The store will give you all the bags you need and you can toss them out when you get home.

You spilled water on the floor?  Go grab a huge handful of paper towels to mop it up.  (But wait – since when is water dirty?  Oh well.) Forget the concept of a cloth rag, we wouldn’t want you to deal with the burden of putting it in the laundry.  –

When did we buy into the idea that we don’t have to do our dishes?  That we can throw out as many plastic bags as we want? That we don’t have to wash towels?

It’s a lie.  And we’re all paying for it.

Creating those disposable dishes and bags and paper towels required energy and water and other raw materials and chemicals.  All of which are sent straight to the landfill after a useful life measured in less than an hour’s time.

We humans all have to share this one earth, yet we are taught that it’s perfectly acceptable to act as if there is unlimited space for our waste.

This is a very bad habit.  But bad habits don’t have to be permanent.  We can change.  But change requires new ideas that are unproven and don’t yet have market share.

Waste Offsets  can finance good ideas that will break the bad habit of disposable everything.  Many of these ideas will likely need to be subsidized at first because people will have to catch on and adapt and get used to that new way of doing things.

Waste offsets can finance convenient solutions so that “disposable everything” isn’t the only easy way to go.

Once upon a time I had a relatively outlandish and mostly unrealistic business idea.

My idea evolved out of my long-term frustration with the massive amount of waste created by people in New York City who order food delivery.

First of all, a staggering amount of New Yorkers order delivery.  The busiest among us buy three meals a day, never cooking on their own.  Food delivery comes in plastic containers with plastic forks and knives and spoons, sets of which are usually individually wrapped in plastic, all of which is tucked into a paper bag and carried to customers in at least one or two plastic bags. And all of this waste piles up per person, per meal, sometimes three meals a day multiplied by millions of people who live in New York City.

The amount of garbage is staggering.  New York City spends $2.3 BILLION annually on garbage collection and disposal.  Our trash is sent out of state, by truck and by rail, as far away as Virginia and South Carolina, all at tremendous expense to taxpayers.

But no matter how far away we send our waste, the consequences of our wasteful behaviors are inescapable on this Planet Earth.  And we keep creating more and more trash each day because consumers don’t have any better options.  Anyone in New York City ordering takeout is going to receive a landfill-bound pile of plastic because that’s what the system offers…

I envisioned something better.  An innovative city-wide sponsored initiative, like Citi Bikes… I envisioned a re-usable system where customers would be given sleek, attractive and functional stainless steel containers with stainless steel forks, knives and spoons and canvas bags and fabric linens…  All items would be tagged and tracked for accountability.  The customers would receive their food in these reusable containers, and once they finished eating they would drop them off at receptacles located in all residential and commercial buildings…  A system of trucks would collect used items where they would be washed and sanitized outside the city and then brought back to associated restaurants. Consumers would get rewarded with loyalty points for participating.

But alas, no matter how much I tweaked the math, the price per unit was far too high to compete with cheap plastic disposables.  I couldn’t get the costs down enough to make the numbers work…

In my pursuit of cost savings I kept wishing that I could finance this project with carbon offsets to inject enough extra cash into the scheme to maybe get it off the ground.  But that option wasn’t really available to me because my project didn’t reduce carbon emissions.  My idea would put more trucks on the road and require more energy to clean the containers.  Carbon wasn’t the thing being eliminated by my plan.  But there was still an environmental benefit: a reduction in waste, not a reduction in carbon.

So I asked: Why not finance this project with waste offsets?

The reason I couldn’t do that is because waste offsets don’t exist…

The Case For Waste Offsets…

My plan was probably too far-fetched to work even with subsidies.  But there are other potential projects brewing in the minds of would-be start-ups that are far more cost effective that have the potential to save mountains of waste – projects that can’t get off the ground from the get-go because they’re just slightly too expensive.  But with financial incentives that bring smart and useful ideas to life, we can start to turn the tide on our wasteful habits.

In the 1980’s there was virtually no energy being generated from the sun or the wind or the tides.  Now solar panels and wind farms and tidal energy turbines abound and a growing percentage of our energy needs are being met by these renewable sources.  The carbon market was a crutch that helped get those technologies off the ground in a time when renewable energy couldn’t compete with cheap oil.  The same can happen with waste reduction if we build the models.

In my effort to bring waste offsets into reality I have talked to chief economists at some of the world’s leading environmental agencies, I have met with law school professors and college design professors, I have met with politicians and with current and former UN delegates and I have met with countless entrepreneurs and venture capitalists.

To personalize this journey and garner support, I have decided that going forward I am going to blog about the process of pushing this initiative, recording the steps I take and the people I meet along the way and the advice I receive and the support I gather.

This is the story of waste offsets…

Join us!


We need supporters and strategic partners.

Yay! Message sent.

Error! Please validate your fields.