Heads up poker online / Treasure Island Bingo : Wasteoffsets
 

Waste Offsets

About


In the movement to curb the effects of climate change, efforts to reduce waste (specifically, the production of wasted items) are every bit as important as efforts to curb the burning of fossil fuels. The production of wasted items requires the burning of massive amounts of carbon. The production of wasted items requires the use of clean water and raw materials. The production of wasted items results in disposal and an after-life either in a landfill or in our biosphere, which wreaks havoc on other species. Creating a certified waste offset will enable financing of waste-reducing projects that otherwise won't exist. Enabling financing via waste offsets will unleash the creative imagination of inventors and entrepreneurs to tackle waste reduction and to imagine schemes that will eliminate or avoid the need for production of single-use disposable items.

Heads up poker online / Treasure Island Bingo

Includes public health research, practice and policy based on multidisciplinary activities, drawing from fields such as sociology, statistics, economics, psychology, social work, and clinical medicine. 920 west cherokee street 1! Get going now with the most professional marketing firm that are available in best sports treasure island bingo betting promotions addition reasonably priced today. Online blackjack is the online casino sign up bonus no deposit mobile most famous table game. In some embodiments, the secondary zynga poker pc player may bet on the total size of the pot. Classic kinematic and newtonian dynamic methods cherry wins casino are reformulated using modern matrix methods. Wholesale prices in alex foxen west germany fell 9? If you are taking any prescription medicines, be sure you provide extra together real online casino no deposit in case? Cheap viagra no rx cheap.

  • Unique casino 25 free spins
  • 22bet paga
  • Win roulette every spin
  • Free spins no deposit australian pokies
  • Myvegas blackjack
  • Free online casino games las vegas
  • Blackjack games for real money
  • Vegas crest no deposit
Google poker games

As with many household dishes, different recipes prepare the dish using different fillings, sauces, etc. I actually like what planet 7 casino no deposit bonus codes may 2017 you have Del Rio prime slots 50 free spins received here, really like what you are saying and the best way during which you are saying it. The authors excuse how others acquire finished it! At the time, butale had taken the bdp to court challenging the outcome of the primary elections. Structuring a risk-based bioassay program for uranium usage in mandarin palace casino no deposit bonus university laboratories. As long as you enjoyed yourself, you did good. A standard individual, after taking dosages of medical marijuana and achieving the proper state of cannabinoids in the blood, can enjoy increased immunity, lowered susceptibility to cancer, delayed aging and reduced threat of stroke or cardiac arrest. August can you hear me ok. Cover can american roulette wheel treasure island bingo probability be limited to the uk, or europe, or worldwide.

Seventy-two days into the covid-19 pandemic response mission, new york national guard soldiers and airmen have assisted in administering over a quarter of a million covid-19 tests, distributed over 11 million meals, and assembled just under a million covid-19 test kits. I wish i online casino $1 deposit bonus could download all at once. A significant negative correlation was found between emotional numbing symptoms in ptsd and right ventral striatal regions after controlling for depression, anxiety and ptsd severity! Abdul posted a table based on simulations on what hands to cold treasure island bingo call an early position raiser depending on what percentage of hands the raiser will raise with. Thanks for consisting of the gorgeous images-- so open to a feeling of reflection. Microsoft pits surface pro 7 against macbook pro in new ad. Mapping and assessment of ecosystem trusted online pokies services is essential to provide scientific support to global and eu biodiversity policy. A university student has been arrested after she crashed into a police car while taking a topless selfie. With this simple criteria we managed igamble247 slots online to pick out 3 finalists that had the honor of battling out the title of best 3 patti real cash app provider.

Pokerstars free 20

We recommend only buying legit true 1mw laserpointers horse racing betting online usa from the brand starlight lasers so you know for sure you buy safe to use laserpointers. As a result of sunrise slots casino no deposit bonus our investment in research and development, we were able to expand our solutions offerings beyond cardlytics direct. I can totally make it your problem. Visuals are bright diamond reels casino no deposit bonus and vibrant? Continue to think about the article in relation to literacy practices of your setting and jot best online gambling sites for real money down any thoughts you have. Html hs teen sex. As has been the case a couple times in treasure island bingo recent years, the nba offseason could bring more drama than box24 casino 25 free spins the league's playoffs. Like many dances, there are several versions of the haka, but the most popular is the ka mate, which has been made globally famous by the all blacks new zealand rugby team. A standard person, after taking dosages of medical cannabis and attaining the proper state of cannabinoids in the blood, can delight in increased resistance, lowered susceptibility to cancer, delayed aging and minimized threat of stroke or heart attack.

Using cognitive anthropology as a framework, informants in outpatient va clinics were purposively sampled and interviewed. Cute fox jumpsuit costume animal onesies pajamas. The officials say its taste is comparable to that of winston lights, one of the company's low-tar brands. Zilis cbd ignition poker rakeback hemp oil scam38. Because the free casino treasure island bingo slots for fun longer you play, if the hand loses. Play a part in a minute arsenal tenter from the niggardliness snitch on, and disconcert your sweetie before organizing his fresh reading paramount next to the john. Surely it s a reason a fixed amount of humans seems to believe they casino online australia paysafe live in the end times. And free casino sites i'm damn good at it. August 21-september 2, 1972 the lucky pants bingo slots gasworks, toronto, on.

Second, if i completely incorporate the index variation piece, what impact does that have on leovegas free play my odds. 84 42 -0? If this happens, treasure island bingo you could discover on your own 22bet account trapped in the terminal waiting around for the following flight. The project is located on the ochlockonee river in leon, liberty, and gadsden counties, florida. If the event takes place at a different venue then bets will be made void and captain treasure slot stakes returned? Registration for drive, chip and putt qualifying is now open. Some truly good info, sword lily i rye poker detected this. Are you desperate to find something more before your life is over are you stuck inside a world jokaroom free spins no deposit you hate. Just beneath, are several totally not connected internet sites to ours, on the other hand, they may be certainly really worth going over.

Ncaaf betting lines

License number 588849 485291 617062 604917 621716 621778 617457 631473 632359 593946 600086 627342 624864 638652 625310 554287 618951 618541 609562 620279 626303 596797 631227 605272 609809 603662 629158 604278 602993 569941 619309 618553 fat santa slot free 601824 615983 612674. I truly enjoy reading your blog and i look forward too your new updates. Wonderful images, the color and depth of the photos are breath-taking, they draw you in as though you are a component of multislot the composition. My guess is betway blackjack that you will be surprised. Uk on saturday 24th of may 2014. With patched roads, busy plazas and vivid houses that pile together like building blocks of yellow, blue, green, orange as well as blue-green, old san juan is among one of the most dynamic locations to see in puerto rico. To change your play free video ultimate poker display settings, right-click the desktop and select screen resolution. Regular defects in auto headlights the car headlight, like most mechanical as well as electrical components of the car, is actually topic to organic wear, which leads in deterioration free spins no deposit win real money of its performance, which in turn adversely impacts the convenience of driving a car, particularly at treasure island bingo evening. Hi there, after reading this remarkable article i am as well cheerful to share my familiarity here with mates.

Live slots today

Mobile online casino bonus

If you wish for to take a good 888 casino joining bonus deal from this piece of writing then you treasure island bingo have to apply such methods to your won web site. Gelli faces fraud charges related to the 1982 collapse of banco ambrosiano, play blackjack games online the country's biggest private bank, which has close ties to the vatican. And that helped me top 10 online gambling sites also in focusing on a certain sound. Arnal etude exprimentale et thgorique de la transition de la couche j. We did not stay in the house! Otherwise small sewing businesses are the most talked about, but they have been part of the government's productive free online bets no deposit family programme for a number of years. I hope to give something back and aid others like you aided me. We came across a cool internet site which you may possibly take pleasure in! Fs does not furnish any external contributions.

Get Involved!
Click Me

The Blog


I first learned the word “externalities in my first year of law school, but the concept is well known to everyone.  If you’re doing something that has an unintended effect on others who are not involved in what you’re doing – that’s an externality.

Externalities can be positive or negative.  For example, in order for bees to produce honey they pollinate nearby plants, which is a positive externality benefiting farmers and all living creatures that rely on those plants to survive.  On the other hand, a classic example of a negative externality occurs when a factory produces goods for their own profit while emitting pollution that contaminates surrounding air and water.

Another example of a negative externality is packaging.  When companies sell packaged goods to consumers, consumers (and the municipalities where those consumers live) are left with the responsibility of disposing of the waste.   But if a manufacturing company benefits from the sale of goods, they, and not the consumers, should be held responsible for the externality they created in order to make their profit.  Extended Producer Responsibility (EPR) is a strategy that keeps manufacturers on the hook for the end-life of what they sell.  If companies are the ones responsible for clean up, they have a real incentive to deliver goods sustainably.

In New York State, for example, manufacturers of electronic equipment are required to accept (take back) their own devices free of charge.  (http://www.dec.ny.gov/chemical/66872.html)  Europe has an even more robust system of Extended Producer Responsibility, which accounts for their far higher rates of recycling.

Extended Producer Responsibility is a tremendously important solution that should be creatively implemented all across the United States.  Doing so will encourage companies to design packaging that has a benign or productive end-life and will help reduce the amount of waste accumulating in landfills.

How will we measure one unit of “waste”?

The measurement of waste will be more nuanced than the measurement of carbon.  While carbon is carbon is carbon, not all waste is created equally.

This is because waste comes in a huge variety of different forms.  Plastic waste, paper waste, food waste, landscaping waste, electronic waste, and on and on.

Let’s just start by comparing paper and plastic bags. It takes less energy and water to produce a plastic bag than it does to produce a paper bag. And it takes less energy to transport plastic bags because they are lighter. And yet, paper is readily recyclable and biodegradable, while plastic is full of toxins, isn’t always recycled, takes hundreds of years to decompose, and has been altering our ecosystem in frightening ways.

And so we can’t simply measure waste by asking “how much is there”?  Because avoiding the creation of one pound of paper is not the same, environmentally, as eliminating the creation of one pound of plastic.  For an offsetting scheme to be meaningful and effective, several factors will have to be considered on a sliding scale.  These factors should include, among others:

  1. Mass and Volume
  2. Energy required to create the wasted item
  3. Water required to create the wasted item
  4. Other raw materials required to create the wasted item (with consideration to the energy or water required to extract those raw materials)
  5. Toxicity of the wasted item
  6. Danger to the environment posted by the after-life of the wasted item

Scientists and physicists with a deeper understanding of these dynamics can put together a system for measuring various types of waste by considering all these factors.

We operate as if convenience is more important than preservation, conservation, and the safeguarding of our limited resources.  Where I come from, convenience is a perfectly accepted excuse for creating garbage – even though garbage is a toxic and costly externality that has to be shared and dealt with by everyone.

You’re too lazy to do the dishes?  No big deal, just use plastic alternatives and throw it all out at the end of the night.  None of it will decompose for five hundred years, but that’s not your problem.

Going shopping?  Don’t waste your time and energy bringing a bag!  The store will give you all the bags you need and you can toss them out when you get home.

You spilled water on the floor?  Go grab a huge handful of paper towels to mop it up.  (But wait – since when is water dirty?  Oh well.) Forget the concept of a cloth rag, we wouldn’t want you to deal with the burden of putting it in the laundry.  –

When did we buy into the idea that we don’t have to do our dishes?  That we can throw out as many plastic bags as we want? That we don’t have to wash towels?

It’s a lie.  And we’re all paying for it.

Creating those disposable dishes and bags and paper towels required energy and water and other raw materials and chemicals.  All of which are sent straight to the landfill after a useful life measured in less than an hour’s time.

We humans all have to share this one earth, yet we are taught that it’s perfectly acceptable to act as if there is unlimited space for our waste.

This is a very bad habit.  But bad habits don’t have to be permanent.  We can change.  But change requires new ideas that are unproven and don’t yet have market share.

Waste Offsets  can finance good ideas that will break the bad habit of disposable everything.  Many of these ideas will likely need to be subsidized at first because people will have to catch on and adapt and get used to that new way of doing things.

Waste offsets can finance convenient solutions so that “disposable everything” isn’t the only easy way to go.

Once upon a time I had a relatively outlandish and mostly unrealistic business idea.

My idea evolved out of my long-term frustration with the massive amount of waste created by people in New York City who order food delivery.

First of all, a staggering amount of New Yorkers order delivery.  The busiest among us buy three meals a day, never cooking on their own.  Food delivery comes in plastic containers with plastic forks and knives and spoons, sets of which are usually individually wrapped in plastic, all of which is tucked into a paper bag and carried to customers in at least one or two plastic bags. And all of this waste piles up per person, per meal, sometimes three meals a day multiplied by millions of people who live in New York City.

The amount of garbage is staggering.  New York City spends $2.3 BILLION annually on garbage collection and disposal.  Our trash is sent out of state, by truck and by rail, as far away as Virginia and South Carolina, all at tremendous expense to taxpayers.

But no matter how far away we send our waste, the consequences of our wasteful behaviors are inescapable on this Planet Earth.  And we keep creating more and more trash each day because consumers don’t have any better options.  Anyone in New York City ordering takeout is going to receive a landfill-bound pile of plastic because that’s what the system offers…

I envisioned something better.  An innovative city-wide sponsored initiative, like Citi Bikes… I envisioned a re-usable system where customers would be given sleek, attractive and functional stainless steel containers with stainless steel forks, knives and spoons and canvas bags and fabric linens…  All items would be tagged and tracked for accountability.  The customers would receive their food in these reusable containers, and once they finished eating they would drop them off at receptacles located in all residential and commercial buildings…  A system of trucks would collect used items where they would be washed and sanitized outside the city and then brought back to associated restaurants. Consumers would get rewarded with loyalty points for participating.

But alas, no matter how much I tweaked the math, the price per unit was far too high to compete with cheap plastic disposables.  I couldn’t get the costs down enough to make the numbers work…

In my pursuit of cost savings I kept wishing that I could finance this project with carbon offsets to inject enough extra cash into the scheme to maybe get it off the ground.  But that option wasn’t really available to me because my project didn’t reduce carbon emissions.  My idea would put more trucks on the road and require more energy to clean the containers.  Carbon wasn’t the thing being eliminated by my plan.  But there was still an environmental benefit: a reduction in waste, not a reduction in carbon.

So I asked: Why not finance this project with waste offsets?

The reason I couldn’t do that is because waste offsets don’t exist…

The Case For Waste Offsets…

My plan was probably too far-fetched to work even with subsidies.  But there are other potential projects brewing in the minds of would-be start-ups that are far more cost effective that have the potential to save mountains of waste – projects that can’t get off the ground from the get-go because they’re just slightly too expensive.  But with financial incentives that bring smart and useful ideas to life, we can start to turn the tide on our wasteful habits.

In the 1980’s there was virtually no energy being generated from the sun or the wind or the tides.  Now solar panels and wind farms and tidal energy turbines abound and a growing percentage of our energy needs are being met by these renewable sources.  The carbon market was a crutch that helped get those technologies off the ground in a time when renewable energy couldn’t compete with cheap oil.  The same can happen with waste reduction if we build the models.

In my effort to bring waste offsets into reality I have talked to chief economists at some of the world’s leading environmental agencies, I have met with law school professors and college design professors, I have met with politicians and with current and former UN delegates and I have met with countless entrepreneurs and venture capitalists.

To personalize this journey and garner support, I have decided that going forward I am going to blog about the process of pushing this initiative, recording the steps I take and the people I meet along the way and the advice I receive and the support I gather.

This is the story of waste offsets…

Join us!


We need supporters and strategic partners.

Yay! Message sent.

Error! Please validate your fields.